LIST OF PHILIPPINE FRUIT TREES

COMMON NAME SCIENTIFIC NAME DESCRIPTION / USES
Anonas Annona reticulate L. Leaves are oblong to oblong –lanceolate, flowers are greenish yellow, fragrant, the fruit is large and heart-shaped and brownish yellow. Fresh leaves are used as topicals and are applied to the stomachs of children suffering from indigestion.
Avocado Perseea americana Medium sized tree reaching a height of 10 meters. Leaves are alternate, oblong to oval or obovate. Flowers are small borne in naked, panicled, hairy cymes. Fruit is large, fleshy, elongated and of various shapes. The pulp is credited with the suppuration of wounds, and have an aphrodisiac properties.
Balimbing Averrhoa carambola L. Small sized tree growing to a height of 6 meters or less. The leaves are pinnate about 15 cm. long. The fruit is fleshy, acid green or greenish yellow and edible. The fruit is laxative, and is also given in fevers.
Bayabas Psidium guajava The plant is somewhat hairy reaches a height of 8 inches. Ripe fruit is eaten as vegetable and used as seasoning for sinigang and also used in the manufacture of jellies. Leaves in the form of decoction for washing ulcers and wounds and also antidiarrhetic.
Bignai Antidesma buiuus Small, smooth and dioecious tree. The fruit is fleshy, red, acid, and edible. Excellent in making jam and wine.
Bitongol Flacourtia rykum Zoll. & Mor. An erect tree reaching a height of 20 meters. Fruit is round, edible, and is good for making jams and pies. The roots and their decoction are given internally to women after childbirth. The fruit is prescribed for dysmenorrhoea
Cacao Theobrama cacao Cultivated for its seeds which are used in the manufacture of cacao, chocolate, cacao butter. Cacao butter is used in the manufacture of confections, toilet preparations and cosmetic ointments or coating pills and preparing suppositories.
Caimito Chrysophyllum caimito Cultivated for its edible fruit and as an ornament. Decoction of the bark is given for dysentery, latex is used as a resolutive in abscesses and fruit is used in treatment of diabetes mellitus.
Chico Manilkara sapota Much branched tree reaching a height of 8 meters. The fruit brown, fleshy, ovoid or somewhat rounded. The flesh is brown, soft, slightly gritty and sweet. Bark is used for tanning sails and for making fishing tackle. Milky juice of the bark is used in the manufacture of chewing gum.
Duhat Syzygium cinnamomeum Duhat juice is considered as tasty as grape juice, and used in the manufacture of red wine. Decoction of the bark is given internally in dysentery, ripe fruit is an efficient remedy for diabetes mellitus.
Durian Durio zibethinus Murr. (Bomb.) Cultivated for its very highly prized fruits. Durian fruit as tonic, root decoction for fever and their juice into a preparation for bathing the head of the fever patient.
Guyabano Annona muricata L. Small tree, 5 to 7 meters in height. The fruit usually eaten raw when ripe Juicy fruit makes a delicious ice cream. Unripe fruit, seeds and juice of the fruit are used in treating dysentery.
Kahel Citrum aurantium L. (tight skinned orange) Leaves, flowers, fruit, peel of the fruits and the volatile oil are official in many pharmacopeias.
Kamachile Pithecellobium dulce This tree is 5 to 18 meters high with ultimate branches. The bark is used for tanning, the seed is edible, whitish and sweet when the fruit is ripe. The root bark is good for dysentery, leaves with salt, cure indigestion and also produce abortion.
Kamias Averrhoa balimbi L. Fruit contains potassium oxalate & is used to remove stains from clothing and also for washing hands. It is much used as seasoning and is made into sweets, including jam and used in making pickles.
Katmon Dillenia philippinensis Rolf. Acid juice of the fruit when mixed with sugar is used as cough cure. It is employed for cleansing the hair.
Lansones Lansium domesticum Correa A great favorite with the Filipinos. Fruit is whitish-yellow and occurs in bunches which resemble those of grapes except that they occur on a single stem instead of a branched stem.
Libas Spondias pinnata Leaves & fruits  sour & used in stews
Limonsito Triphasia trifolia (Burm.) Cultivated on account of its ornamental, edible, red fruit & its fragrant, white flowers. Aromatic bath salts in the Phils. Are made from the leaves of this plant.
Mangga Mangifera indica Root - diuretic; bark & seeds mastringent; leaves for tea & resin  cure for aphthoes
Mansanitas Ziciphus mauritiana Lam. A decoction of the bark & leaves is employed as an effective astringent in dysentery &diarrhea & is used in bowel trouble of all kinds.
Marang Litsea perrottetli The fruit is round, about 8 millimeters or less in diameter. The seeds contains slightly aromatic, tallow like oil. Roots and leaves are used for poulticing sprains and bruises. Seeds are pounded and applied to boils.
Nangka Artocarpus heterophylla Lam. The young fruits are eaten as vegetable. Ash of the leaves after burning applied on wounds and ulcers as a dried or cicatrizant. Leaves for skin diseases root decoction for diarrhea, milky juice for swelling and snake bite.
Niog (Coconut palm) Cocus nucifera  
Paho Mangifera philippensis Mukh. (Anac.) Roots are diuretic, bark and seeds are astringent
Pahutan Mangifera altissima Blanco Same as in mango
Pili Cannarium ovatum The roots contain 7.8 % tannin, and gives satisfactory leather which is yellowish tan. The seed has a fixed oil. Oleoresin is used as stimulant, a rubefacient and antirheumatic when applied externally.
Rambutan Nephelium lappaceum Fruit is oblong, red or yellow with thick coarse wavy hairs or soft spines. Roots in decoction for treating fevers, leaves for poulticing and the bark as an astringent for diseases of the tongue.
Rimas (Breadfruit) Artocarpus communis  
Sampalok (Tamarind) Tamarindus indica The tree is cultivated for its many uses. Leaves are used in dyeing. Tamarind pulp obtained citric acid, 9.40, tartaric acid 1.55, malic acid 0.45, bitartrate of potash 3.25, sugar 12.5, gum 4.7 vegetable jelly 6.25, parenchyma 34.35, and water 27.55. Seeds contain tannin, fixed oil, and insoluble matter. and bark of old trees contains 7% tannin.